Literary Terms: 14 Alphabet ‘B’ Literary Terms Every Writer Must Know
No doubt that in every dramatic or comic piece, there are key Literary Terms used by writers and comedians to masterfully embellish their composition in order to attract readers or listeners.
LITERARY TERMS: These are mostly identifiable rule of thumb, convention or structure that is employed by writers in telling their stories. It also helps them to express or create an emotional mood, attitude, impression, setting or characterisation to stress a point or idea in a literary piece.
Literary Term is defined as the conventional structure of a story which creates a mood, attitude, impression and reveals the setting and characterisation to stress a point or idea in a literary piece or work.
It can also refer to the technique, style, and formatting used by writers and speakers to masterfully emphasise and strengthen their compositions.
The following are some of the literary terms used by writers to persuade their readers or audience artfully.
1. BALLAD STANZA; A four line stanza popular in ballads, with the first and third lines in iambic tetrameter and the second and fourth in iambic trimester, rhyming abcb.
2. BAROQUE; It is a term used in literary criticism to describe literature that is complex or ornate in style or diction. It expresses tension, anxiety and violent emotion. Example is As You Like It by William Shakespeare.
3. BEAST FABLE; A short or simple narrative with speaking animals as characters designed to teach a moral or social truth. Example is George Orwell’s Animal Farm.
4. BEAT; A heavy stress or accent in a line of poetry. The number of beats or stresses in a line usually determines the meter of the line.In drama the term beat can be used to refer to a completed transaction in stage dialogue. The following example comes from Edmond Clay.
ACTOR # 1: Hello! How are you?
ACTOR # 2: Fine, Thank you for asking.The second actor’s response is an example of “finishing the beat” established by the first actor’s line, but the beat can also be finished by any suitable action made in response to the requirements of earlier stage activity.
5. BEGGING THE QUESTION; A fallacy in which the premise of an argument presupposes the truth of its conclusion, in other words, the argument takes for granted what it is supposed to prove. Example; to say that “Honourable Peterson is CPP so he can be expected to sympathise with social democratic causes” is similar to this.
Major premise; Democrats can be expected to sympathise with social democratic causes. Minor premise; Honourable Peterson is a Democrat Conclusion; Honourable Peterson can be expected to sympathise with social democratic causes has been begged. The question of whether Democrats can be expected to sympathise with social democratic causes has been begged.
6. BEGINNING RHYME; This is a rhyme that occurs in the first syllable or syllable of line. Example; None can say the Time which is rolling Like a Tide will never draw Nigh!
7. BIBLIOGRAPHY; a list of works on a particular subject or by a particular author.
8. BIOGRAPHICAL FALLACY; This refers to a flaw in a work of fiction a poetry that the belief must directly reflect events and people in the author’s actual experience and that relating the literary work to that speculative reality is a meaningful form of criticism.
9. BIOGRAPHY; An account of a person’s life written or composed by another.
10. BLACK HUMOUR OR BLACK COMEDY; This is a writing that juxtaposes morbid or ghastly elements with comical ones that underscore the senselessness or futility of life. Black Humour often uses farce and comedy to make clear that individuals are helpless victims of fate and character. Black Humour is a substitution element in the Antinovel and the Theatre of the Absurd.
11. BLANK VERSE; An unrhymed verse, especially the unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in the English dramatic, epic and reflective verse. Example
12. BROCHURE; A flyer, pamphlet or leaflet that is used to pass information about something.
13. BURLESQUE; A literary work that makes fun of something through outlandish exaggeration. The word “burlesque” may also used as an adjective as in “burlesque show” to mean “striptease act.”
14. BUFFOON; A comic character whose behaviour is a source of amusement to others.
The above Literary terms are some of the playful techniques comedians employ to make people laugh.